Exit Signs Exempt From Roman Colosseum

The Colosseum in Rome is one of the first architectural examples of modern day sporting stadiums today including the Texas Stadium, Wrigley Field and Madison Square Garden. However there is one thing the great Roman Colosseum was missing that all current stadiums carry by law. When the games ended in the Colosseum massive crowds pushed, shoved and stampeded to get out of the seats to go back to work. Such hysteria was common place since no formal exit plan was in place.

Today the major stadiums are required by law to have exit signs and lighting to guide people back to their cars. Many stadiums also find it is in their best interest to have proper exit signs so they can get people out quickly and start the cleanup to reduce costs. Although sporting events make most the money off the beer, food and souvenirs once the event ends the revenue starts to decline and costs go up as fans loiter in the stadium. Helping people find their way out allows cleaning crews to start early saving the stadium owners some money. Lighted exit signs along with proper lighting help people find their way out quickly.

Although current stadiums do a better job of posting exit signs many are looking for more improvements. Some cities are looking at environmentally friendly signs that last longer, use less energy and require minimal maintenance. Photoluminescent exit signs that glow in the dark are becoming a very popular alternative to the standard lit exit sign. In addition to better signs many organizatons are looking for better designs in their next generation stadiums. Wider walkways that all lead to convenient exits along with signs on the ground, ceiling and both walls are all being considered. Some teams are even renovating existing facilities with better lighting and exit signs. Also accessibility for disabled guests is becoming a high priority leading to an increase in ADA Braille signs for bathrooms, exits and information.

In order to keep maintenance cost inline most stadiums consider buying their supplies in bulk to get a lower rate on signs. Sporting teams usually want to have custom signs with team logos, colors and popular sayings for the current season. Purchasing custom signage in bulk is definitely a smart approach for the cost conscience manager. Property managers have been turning to online stores to get a better value and price, along with exceptional customer service.

Even though the Colosseum inspired the large stadiums of today; they are more different from modern coliseums than alike. If you ever get the chance to visit a modern stadium you will be surprised to see how large they really are and how easy it is to find your seat. Along with great signs and lighting there are plenty of helpful stadium attendants to point you in the right direction or even escort you to your seat.

Kids Need Physical Fitness Too

That physical fitness is a subject discussed and promoted only among adults is very erroneous. It is true though that this is often mentioned every time adults talk about the dangers posed by inactivity, alcohol, tobacco, and fatty diet to ones health and the need for workout routines and diet. The kids definitely are not bothered by these problems yet. However, you may think the same but the fact is even kids now have lifestyles that can be disastrous to their health.

In the recent years, you must have seen many kids growing obese and suffering hypertension just as adults do. Blame it on their growing addiction to computer games and cable TV. Both are modern day versions of pipers that can lead kids to jump into the ocean of physical inactivity and obesity. Unfortunately, as these develop, the kids have found fun times measured in gigabytes and pixels. You would see lesser number of kids playing balls in the lawns or biking around the neighborhood. You can still hear shouting matches though but from inside the house and in front of a latest video game.

The kids sedentary lifestyle has only worsened with the type of food they normally prefer to eat. The TV, which they worship, also preaches them the news on the latest craze from huge fast-food chains known for providing the most delicious fat to unwitting customers. In their childish ignorance, of course, they tend to think that food can only be tasty if it is rich with fat and abundant with either sugar or salt.

Unhealthy eating habits and the couch potato tendencies have far worse effects on kids than scratches acquired from minor accidents while playing outdoors. Hence, if you have kids, you should make sure that they spend ample time for physical fitness. You will have to learn some tricks at convincing them though. It may be hard to them to break habits learned from watching too much TV or playing on the computer. You know your kids more deeply than anyone does and you can surely find ways at persuading them to try enjoyable activities that would demand many physical activities.

Just remember that kids will always love anything that they have fun doing. Try inviting them for walks in the park, hikes in the woods and hills, or allow them to play active sports such as basketball or soccer. As soon as they learn to enjoy these, you would not have to worry about telling them to stay from the computer for a while. They will keep themselves fit with these activities and they will learn to forge friendships.

Kids, who learn to value fitness early, will cherish it as they grow. They would be able to sense immediately if they gain weight and would take measures to prevent obesity. Therefore, it is good to discuss and actually involve them in physical fitness in their young age. Taking care of that aspect is something that modern parenting should pay attention to.

What Are The Best Architectural Stadiums

Which stadiums and other iconic structures have been built with innovative and advanced compounds such as ETFE foil?

ETFE Foil In Architecture It is hard to imagine anything in modern architecture that does not make use of transparent structures, in case of roofs and facades. ETFE foil is a type of fluoropolymer material that is used in constructions and usually reinforced with cable net reinforcement to span wide areas. This kind of structure is extremely popular in Europe and is being used in office atriums and educational buildings as well as zoos, however is perhaps most famous and notable for use in the construction of modern sports stadiums.

The cost of building and installation works out to be much cheaper than traditional construction method. It is more resilient as it can bear around 400 times its own weight. Additionally, it is recyclable and self-cleaning thus making for a more environmentally sustainable building. The Eden Project Although not a stadium in the traditional sense, this building is a modern feat of engineering which simply has to be mentioned when talking about ETFE foil.

The panels of the project are made of ETFE foil. ETFE weighs only 1% that of the equivalent area of glass and is also able to control lighting levels to a better extent. The construction was originally supposed to use glass, but the designers preferred ETFE as it is more flexible, lightweight and also more durable. It has resulted in the creation of greenhouses where several plant species from all around the world can be housed.

It is one of the defining structures using ETFE foil in the architecture. Basel Stadium The St Jakob Park houses Basel FC as well as the Swiss soccer team and it was designed by Herzog and de Meuron. The ETFE foil film used created a puffy shape with the help of air panels surrounding the outer portion. These panels, known as cushions throughout the industry, are heat sealed after pumping air that is devoid of humidity.

This allows this sustainable compound to be effective in terms of light transmission as well as a natural insulation method. Beijing National Stadium The Olympics stadium constructed for the 2008 Games was structurally made of woven steel. The steel is entangled with ETFE foil cushions, with the pillows filling the space along the framework to create the stadiums distinctive look. These elements of the structure therefore protected the main structure as well as the inner stadium and spectators from the outside weather elements. Eden Park, New Zealand, is another sports stadium notable for the use of ETFE foil in its construction.

Areas For Fitness Training Recommended By The Mayo Clinic

A report has been released by the Mayo Clinic that identifies five (5) areas that need to be targeted for a balanced fitness program. The areas identified in the report include 1) aerobic fitness, 2) muscular fitness, 3) stretching, 4) core stability and 5) balance training. Each item will be discussed below.

1. Aerobic Fitness:
Aerobic fitness is often called cardiovascular fitness. Aerobic fitness is essential to weight loss and total fitness because it helps the lungs, heart and blood vessels move oxygen through the system more efficiently.

Aerobic or cardiovasculr exercise should be done at least two and one half (2-1/2) hours each week for a moderate aerobic activity or at least seventy five (75) minutes for vigorous exercise. Aerobic exercises should be spread throughout the week.

2. Muscular Fitness:
Muscular fitness exercise should be done at least two to three times during the week. Muscular exercises help with muscular fitness along with increasing bone strength. Muscular strength is necessary as we grow older.

Equipment is not necessary to maintain muscular fitness if you have a fitness program that includes body strengthening exercises like push-ups, chin ups and squats along with others.

3. Stretching:
Stretching is sometimes forgotten but it is critical for a well rounded program. All fitness coaches recommend that stretching be included in their fitness programs. All exercises make the muscles contract and flex so stretching of the muscles also needs to be included for a well rounded workout.

Stretching is especially important for the later years to keep the body flexible to avoid a lot of the injuries that accompany old age.

4. Core Stability:
Core muscles are those in the body and include the abdomen muscles, lower back and the pelvis area. They should be included in fitness programs because they are needed for upper and lower body movements.

5. Balance Training:
Balance is often forgotten in physical fitness programs but it needs to be included in a well rounded program. Balance is essential to everyday life functions and it tends to deteriorate with age so it imperative that a good program be maintained.

Developing a good balance training regimen will add quality to life.

Mayo Clinic has identified these five (5) areas as being essential to a complete fitness program so it is important that all the items be included in the fitness program. Incorporate all five (5) elements into everyday life and it will go a long way to insure better health.

Garmin Gps-enabled Sport Watch

At one time or another, if you are at all serious about running or cross-training, you have probably used a device that combined not only a watch function, but also gave you your heart readout and maybe a distance, too, but the Garmin Forerunner 405 Wireless GPS-Enabled Sport Watch with USB ANT Stick and Heart Rate Monitor has taken this up a few notches.

Looking for all the world like a stylish sports watch, the Garmin Sport Watch is a lot more than that. Of course, it would have to be since its manufacturer is one of the premier independent GPS suppliers on the market.

The Sport Watch, though, amps things up by not only giving you the usual time and date and, if you have the software running, your heart rate, but they have added a technology they call ANT + Sport.

Since they are already an over-the-air product as they take their map information direction from the universe of low-earth orbiting satellites that were placed in polar orbits by the military in the 1980s and 1990s and opened to the public late in the 1990s, which effectively makes them radio transceivers, rather than just standard WiFi devices, what is to stop them from adding a compatible antenna to your PC, loading some software and having your watch speak directly to your PC and their worldwide network? Nothing is to prevent it and it is really an enhancement as is the watch itself.

Looking for all the world like a standard black-wrist-strapped digital watch, the Sports Watch is much more. A simple tap of the bezel – there are no clunky buttons to press – and you not only have your GPS location time and date, but you can also have the mileage you have run and by pushing the bezel again, you can quickly send it to your PC where the USB antenna piece of the ANT + Sport technology picks up the signal and records it there. Further, though, it is recorded in Garmin’s only database so that you can compare your work with others in your group or who you know are working the same muscles.

Indeed, you can find out that if your performance in one area is not as good as other performances are on the Garmin data network, you learn the areas you have to enhance for your training.

One more key to this technology is that it will also monitor your heart rate, if you ask it, so that you can record that vital statistic to see if you are making progress not only with your cardio but also with your distance work.

This is quite an advance in over-the-air technology and one which is worth it if you are training for the spring Marathon season ahead. Even if you are not and are just generally training for conditioning, you can gain a great deal of information from that collected by the Garmin Sport Watch.

Why are Fad Diets So Popular

With obesity expected to affect over fifty percent of the world’s population in the next forty years, the age of fad diets and lose weight quick diets has boomed to epic proportions in becoming more popular than ever before. From the cabbage diet to the Zone Diet to the 7-day Elimination diet, each of these diet fads all claim to help you lose weight fast and experience increased metabolic activity.

But can they really help you to lose weight?

Unfortunately not-Apart from helping you to achieve quick water weight loss of 1-2lbs, the vast majority of ninety percent of dieters have experienced little weight losses of just 1-2lbs before hitting a plateau after a few weeks.

More disappointingly, once dieters stopped eating these fad diets they soon regained all the weight they lost.

But are fad diets free from risk? And what are the long-term implications of these fads?

Whilst it is true that some of the fad diets can help dieters to experience quick weight losses, most of them are not healthy for long-term use, i.e. for over 2 weeks.

Depriving your body from receiving essential nutrients needed to ensure your body is working at optimal levels, may involve cutting your calorie intake to below 1,000 calories a day – more than half your recommended daily nutritional allowance.

Accompanied by strict exercise routines in the gym and unrelenting calorie counting, many of these said dietary fads do run the risk of making you feel weak, fatigued, unable to focus and more worryingly prevent your body from working efficiently – None of which are good for your long term health and ultimately your future ability to lose weight.

How can you spot a Fad diet?

Fad diets are easier to spot than you think. Offering you a quick fix solution to your weight loss issues, you can often tell easily a fad diet by their:

Too good to be true claims Lack of clinical trials Removal of one or more of the recommended daily food groups Recommendations from medical professionals but without reviews from other researchers

When choosing a dietary fad or weight loss supplement, it is always important to thoroughly research their effects first before including them into your weight loss programme. If there are no clinical trials or proof that they can produce real and credible weight loss results, then more often than not they are too good to be true.

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Arenas Weight Loss Drug Lorcaserin Rejected By Fda Panel

The FDA Endocrinologic and Metabolic Drugs Advisory Committe turned down Arena Pharmaceutical and its partner Eisais propose for the weight-loss drug lorcaserin, based on a 9 to 5 vote against it. Arena shares fell nearly 40 percent in after-hours trading Thursday to $2.28.

The expert panel was not convinced that the current data could adequately demonstrate the potential benefits of lorcaserin outweighing the potential risks when used long-term in a large population of overweight and obese individuals.

The panelists raised concerns similar to that released by FDA staff earlier this week, mainly the results from Arenas Phase III clinical study did not meet mean efficacy criterion. The BLOOM trial indicated that patients on lorcaserin lost an average of 5.8% of body weight compared with 2.2% in the placebo arm. The expert panel also noted that studies of lorcaserin on rodent model showed breast tumours among those dosed at seven times higher than the proposed clinical dose for humans, but acknowledged that no such increase was seen in the 7,000 patients treated with the drug.

The committe called for more studies to be conducted in people with diabetes, high blood pressure and other health problems, therefore the trial result could reflect patients better if it was approved.

I just couldnt get over that we didnt have a broader population that was representative of people most likely to get this (drug), said Dr. Lamont Weide, an advisory panel member and chief of diabetes and endocrinology at the University of Missouri in Kansas City.

Arena was not totally downbeat after the news; Arena and Eisai believe that lorcaserin has a positive benefit-risk profile, said Arenas president and CEO, Jack Lief, in a statement. Eisai will sell lorcaserin in the US if the drug wins FDA approval. Arena will work closely with the FDA going forward, Lief said. The company has been studying lorcaserin in overweight and obese diabetics and said it expects results later this year.

The FDA will make its verdict by October 22, and usually FDA would follow panel recommendations.

Arena, Vivus and Orexigen are three companies struggling to win the first approval of a new weight-loss drug since Roches Xenical in 1999. Vivus Qnexa failed to gain the support from the EMDAC with a voted 10-6 against it; Orexigens Contrave (sustained-release naltrexone/bupropion) is scheduled to face the panels judgement later this year.

How To Choose Superslim Diet Pills- Help You Reach Your Ideal Weight Quickly And Easy

There is a new unbeatable approach in weight loss management called the superslim diet pills. Dubbed as the top rate diet supplement and weight loss program, it provides clear answers to obesity and overweight issues. The superior effects of the African Mango Plus, offers anyone a chance to have younger looking skin and hair, fit and slimmer body, and reduce the risk of obesity related health problems including colon cancer, atherosclerosis, heart diseases, diabetes.

The superslim diet pills promote certain hormones in the body to suppress appetite while promoting higher metabolic rate of the body, successful conversion of calories into energy and detoxify the body. African Mango Plus is a proven diet supplement and guarantees faster and safer results. Cameroon and U.S. government clinical studies confirmed the potency of African Mango to be safe as it is effective in weight loss management.

Here are 6 essential health benefits guarantee of superslim diet pills:

1. Effective appetite Suppressor
2. Rich in fiber to assist detoxification
3. Increased energy
4. Good cholesterol production
5. Enhances high levels of Adinopectin and Leptin production
6. Safe and Permanent weight loss

African Mango Plus superslim diet pills empower the body to produce high levels of Leptin. According to recent clinical studies, Leptin regulates neuropeptide Y and gherlin; these hormones promote cravings and hunger. Leptin controls the production of these hormones so that a person eats less. Normal or higher levels of Leptin can successfully suppress the appetite. Leptin also checks the normal body mass index and keeps it that way. Without Leptin, the body is prone to obesity risk.

African Mango Plus has high amounts of soluble fiber. Fibers help promote good cholesterol to prevent atherosclerosis thus preventing bad cholesterol build up. Fiber also detoxifies the body by eliminating toxins and fat in the colon. The colon therefore, is free to absorb essential nutrients and balances intestinal acidity. It also prevents constipation and colon cancer. Fibers also ease constipation and aids in digestion. Fiber also reduces appetite by delaying absorption and trapping excess carbohydrates and sugars after eating.

Superslim diet pills also promote another helpful hormone called Adinopectin. Adinopectin attacks bad cholesterol and promotes the proliferation of good cholesterol. It also regulates insulin levels, increase metabolic rates therefore, one can have increased energy. Like Leptin, it also converts food calories to energy, prevents obesity, and obliterates fatty liver acids. Adiponectin hormone controls glucose absorption so the body can have usable energy but prevents diabetes and since it controls the insulin levels, one can rely upon the African Mango Plus potency for prevention and protection.

Adiponectin, Leptin, and fiber are the most essential benefits provided by superlslim diet pills. Nothing in the market can present such combinations of potency in a single product. The diet pills are proven safe and natural and provides the ultimate protection from risks associated with obesity and overweight.

How Pilates Help Improve Fitness

There are numerous advantages of pilates exercises that help in building fitness & agility. This article will try to look at some of the advantages of pilates exercises.

1.First of all we should know that these exercises can not help you if you plan to develop big muscles. Unless large muscles are properly conditioned there are higher chances of bodily injuries. You might not be knowing that pilates exercises are beneficial for bodybuilders as these routines help in elongating muscles, as well as aids positioning and movements.

2.The other advantage of pilates is that these can be done in very short period of time. You can easily do these at home in 10-15 minutes. In case you are one of those who cannot make out time for exercises, pilates would be the most suitable choice for you as it takes very less time. Normally in any 1 exercise you will have to do maximum 10 repetitions.

3.There is exercise studio to go to if you do not feel like doing at home. The other positives are having company of other people doing the exercises, right equipment and expert trainers to help you out with the routines.

4.Primarily pilates exercises focus on breathing methods to increase blood flow into the brain. As a result circulation increases and toxins are also removed from body.

5.After the primary movements have been mastered and you are confident that you know all the proper techniques, you can graduate to use of equipments such as a mat, exercise ball or resistance ball.

6.You can also try one of the demanding exercises is the winsor pilates which helps to burn a lot of energy and also assists in losing weight.

Millions have benefited from pilates exercises and it is time that you also join them and attain high levels of physical fitness. Pilates routines are very simple yet effective in keeping the body fit and in good physical shape over a prolonged period of time. If you havent started doing these exercises then it is time that you take the final decision and start up with it.

How To Customise Your Scooter With Parts From Eagle Sport

Freestyle riders understand that their scooters performance is everything. Almost every part of a scooter can be customised for the ultimate performance; there is a reason pro riders dont use complete scooters. To develop and improve your own personal riding style and trick level (and be in with a chance of being sponsored), youll need to create a personalised scooter.

Push your skills with a scooter of the perfect weight, grip, height and strength for what you need. Parts will improve your riding whether you specialise in street, skatepark or flatland riding, and whatever speed and tricks are your strengths. Think about your wheels: you need to balance grip and speed for where youre riding (more grip if street riding is your style), a light bar which is the perfect height, a deck with balance and brakes which you can put confidence in.

Thanks to online retailers based in the UK, you dont have to import parts from America to get the best wheels, bars, decks or breaks. Top brands like Eagle Sport, Proto, Razor, Blunt, Pheonix, Addict and District can be ordered online from UK-based freestyle scooter experts. This means youll receive your gear and be able to get riding with your improved scooter fast. Some even cut bars to size to make sure theyre perfect.

The website you order your scooter parts from should be active on the scene. The only way you know youre ordering the best parts is to make sure theyre chosen by the experts. Dont even think of buying your scooter parts from an extreme sports site BMX and skateboard experts know nothing about kick scooters and are unlikely to have the latest parts.

Order from scooter specialists and dont be afraid to ask for advice if you feel lost in the world of Proto, Addict, Pheonix and Eagle Sport. Expert riders want to share their knowledge and experience and make you the best rider you can be. An easy way to see if your scooter part provider knows the sport is by checking if they have a team competing in contests. If they do, you know youre in the hands of the pros.